Edutopia® and Lucas Education Research™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the U.S. and other countries. Teaching Consent to Elementary Students Teaching consent in elementary grades means using nonsexual situations to guide students to assert and respect boundaries. One child proclaims, “And telling secrets! To be most effective, we need to begin teaching consent much earlier. In some regions, it includes kindergarten through eighth grade. “And how can we take proactive measures to stop it?”. A year ago, at the height of the #MeToo movement and with new allegations of sexual assault hitting the news on a seemingly daily basis, third-grade teacher Liz Kleinrock was fed up. After her presentations, Galindo provides time for each student to talk to her privately and ask questions. Ten states and Washington, DC, recommend including consent education as part of sex education; only Oregon and California suggest that consent education start in kindergarten. One in four girls and one in 20 boys are sexually abused before the age of 18, and about 35 percent of sexual abuse victims are under 12 years old—elementary school age. Read about one teacher’s strategy. You can find CPR/First aid classes at Campus Recreation, Red Cross, Community Ed, or a hospital. We all have emotional and physical needs, but we can be more intentional about how we express affection and discuss who is responsible for meeting some children's need for touch. Her answer was to teach her students at Citizens of the World Silver Lake Charter School in Los Angeles about consent. The Healthy Sex Talk: Teaching Kids Consent, Ages 1-21 By Joanna Schroeder , Julie Gillis, Jamie Utt and Alyssa Royse A list of parenting action items, created in the hope that we can raise a generation of children who have less rape and sexual assault in their lives. Ask your child to see from all perspectives. The requirements for CPR/First Aid can be found in the student teaching application. The Oregon Department of Education outlines what to teach: defining consent, describing how relationship power imbalances could impact personal boundaries, and being able to say—and respect hearing—no. Tell students, "If you can't figure out whether someone has given you their consent using nonverbal clues, askso that you can respect their boundaries." “It’s also a proactive way of providing young people with the tools they need to have healthy relationships with themselves and other people throughout their lives,” Bachman said. Back in Marcoux’s health class, the teacher explained that to give consent, both parties must be of legal age, 16 or older in Maryland, and must not be intoxicated. Strangers are NOT equipped to speak for me,” parent Anne Fernandes wrote on Facebook in response to an Edutopia article about creating a culture of consent in the classroom. Consent is often linked to sex, but it simply means giving permission. Every program and sexuality educator I spoke to prompts students to write down the names of trusted adults they can talk to if anybody ever crosses their boundaries—including someone outside of their family. It’s common for young kids to believe that what is happening to them is normal, said Galindo. So, What We Can Do to Be More Effective? We can treat you how we want.’”. Part of teaching consent includes helping children learn what to do if someone violates their boundaries. The final education puzzle piece to consent for young kids is to teach them that if someone violates their bodily autonomy, or touches them in a private area, it isn’t their fault. “You want me to teach what? When taught to children, it can be applied to a variety of nonsexual situations—giving hugs, borrowing things, and sharing are scenarios Kleinrock’s students came up with. Kleinrock incorporates consent education into core subjects like history and science. In other areas, it goes through the fifth grade, and sixth, seventh and eighth grades are considered middle school. Elementary school encompasses a wide range of grade levels. Many sex education curricula include lessons that teach about consent in romantic relationships or related to sexual situations. Teaching students to respect physical boundaries comes before (and should... • Allow students to be the experts about their bodily sensations. A student consent form is used by a school, college or university to secure the permission from a student or his parents before they take any action at a given time. Clearly, whatever we’ve been doing is not working. Consent can be taught long before students are ready to learn about sexual consent. The board will take a final vote Friday. But teaching consent is not just about decreasing the prevalence of sexual violence and harassment, according to Jett Bachman, a K–5 sexuality educator for Day One, a nonprofit focused on ending dating abuse and domestic violence among youth. On Wednesday evening, Perez-Diaz unsuccessfully proposed teaching high school students to “analyze the similarities and differences between legal consent to … Although sex is removed from the equation when teaching consent to elementary students, the end goal is to help prevent sexual harassment and assault by teaching students about personal boundaries, how to say no, and how to respect no—and in the unfortunate case that students do experience sexual abuse or harassment, how to ask for help. Ninety percent of kids who are sexually abused know their abuser; almost 50 percent of abused children age 6 and under are abused by a family member. In one lesson, one student repeatedly asks for a hug and a partner comes up with ways to keep saying no without actually using that word. On January 23, 2018, the Missouri Legislature introduced a bill that would amend the state’s sexual education programs to include instruction on consent for schools that choose to teach … The updated Health Education Curriculum Framework includes the suggested use of gender-neutral and LGBTQ-inclusive language, material on consent and sex-trafficking and the continued teaching … When they use this form, they inform the parents or the students about what they intend to do and by … Education is about preparing young people for adult life, but most high school students say they feel inadequately prepared for taking on adult relationships. We can teach consent at a young age, whether it be giving or asking for a hug. Wait a minute… We can teach young children about consent without talking about sex. Abraham-Raveson’s YES! A year ago, at the height of the #MeToo movement and with new allegations of sexual assault hitting the news on a seemingly daily basis, third-grade teacher Liz Kleinrock was fed up. Informed consent for students in schools requires the student to have knowledge of all the components of informed consent, is voluntarily engaging in the counseling services being providing and is competent to understand the implications both positive and negative for engaging in the counseling. [ To … Most consent education programs have been created by sexual violence prevention organizations. After some discussion, Kleinrock and her students created a poster that collected their ideas to create a definition of consent. And not everyone agrees that it’s an educator’s job to teach consent. Joyce Galindo, a bilingual prevention specialist at Verity, believes that she is succeeding if students leave with the words and tools they need to speak up if they are sexually abused. Teaching teenagers how to give and receive consent is essentially a lesson about how to effectively communicate, so it is important to provide teens with the proper tools needed to construct a productive dialogue about consent with others.Offer your students a few ways to ask their partner(s) for consent. Use a “consistent and clear” vocabulary with students around the concept of consent, — simple words like body, space, and touch. “A lot of these one-time programs have what’s called the rebound [effect] where you have a positive impact, and then it disappears. And in a 2018 national survey, over 80 percent of women and 40 percent of men reported experiencing some form of sexual harassment or assault in their lifetime. Start earlier. And it’s vital that we start now. What is it about this topic that earns it a place among the most urgent issues for schools? Some 190,000 elementary and special education students returned to the classroom on December 7th, two and ... a spokesperson for the city Department of Education, said. Students giggle and contribute ideas such as giving hugs and kisses, but also state that it’s important to ask for permission when it comes to sharing and borrowing items from another person. California-based Verity gives free 45- to 60-minute presentations using the video Consent for Kids and an English-Spanish coloring book to explain safe and unsafe touches, situations when you should say no, and the bathing suit rule—all body parts covered by a bathing suit are private. State Rep. Brian Sims, D-Philadelphia, has introduced a bill that would require school districts to integrate comprehensive sex ed into their curricula at all grade levels, teach contraception methods to older students, and mandate affirmative sexual consent at universities. Let them tell you about similar situations they were in. When her class is discussing topics like colonization or the water crisis in Flint, Michigan, for example, she may bring up the concept of consent. Many get a mixture of both. When schools teach students about how to say no to sex, they are also acknowledging young people’s ability to say yes. Teaching consent is a recent development. Her students draw examples of when their boundaries have been crossed and present their drawings to the class. Consent is named among those top issues for 2019. Teaching about consent and healthy boundaries – a guide for educators IPPF is committed to enabling young people to access comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) and to realize their sexual rights. Gauging the effectiveness of consent education is difficult: It’s hard to know whether it will reduce sexual assault and violence in the future. Teaching consent in the elementary grades means using nonsexual situations to guide students to assert and respect boundaries. To give her kids practice saying yes and no in different situations, Kleinrock had them create comics showing what consent is and isn’t. But what teachers and schools are missing is explicit instruction on how to teach it. Consent?” “My child is too young to hear about sex!” “My students are too young to learn about sex!”. Although there are teachers like Kleinrock and Abraham-Raveson who have taken on the task of teaching consent themselves, it’s common for schools to hire sexuality educators or work with organizations instead. But that doesn’t mean it’s not impactful. It can lead to better relationships with family, friends, peers and, eventually romantic partners. By altering complexity, language, and instructional methods, consent is an accessible topic that can be taught in any setting—even with young students and in religious schools. Teaching Consent to Elementary Students. You have to ask permission to tell someone else’s secret!”. California provides sample activities on how to teach consent. “By talking to kids about safe and unsafe touches and consent,” she added, “if something was to happen to them in the future, they will be able to recognize, ‘No, this is actually not OK.’”. Effective consent education can’t be a one-day class or limited to a health class, agreed sexuality expert Laura McGuire—it needs to be integrated throughout the curriculum. Discuss the Importance of ‘No’ Giving and removing consent should be the same between children, … Consent is an important concept for children to learn about from an early age. Some teachers have figured out how to teach consent, even before kids are ready to learn about sex. “In all of these cases, there is this assumption by the dominant group that, ‘Yes, we can go in. ), Isy Abraham-Raveson also uses art to prompt discussion in her classroom. One-time programs are not going to produce long-term change.”. (“I don’t think I’ve ever used the word ‘consent’ with a three-year-old before,” Kahn says.) Develop a shared vocabulary, says Gideon Kahn, who has taught in preschools in California and New York. All CFS majors and Health and PE majors must be certified in CPR and First Aid in order to student teach. She also plays Red, Green, Yellow with students to reinforce the idea of boundaries: After Abraham-Raveson reads out a scenario, students move to a green area of the room if they believe boundaries are being respected, red if they think boundaries have been crossed, and yellow if they’re unsure. Adults can encourage children to always tell a trusted adult if someone does something without their permission, or if someone might cause damage or harm. Teaching consent in the elementary grades means using nonsexual situations to guide students to assert and respect boundaries. Use correct terms for body parts and functions. “Where does this toxicity end?” Kleinrock asked herself. We can take what we want. Teaching kids about the skills of consent can help reduce sexual coercion, harassment, and even assault. Third-grade teacher Liz Kleinrock defined consent with her students. Current events have revealed the widespread incidences and consequences of people violating others’ boundaries. Most Republicans voted against proposals to teach middle and high school students about consent, sexual orientation or gender identity. over 80 percent of women and 40 percent of men, sample activities on how to teach consent, creating a culture of consent in the classroom, Ninety percent of kids who are sexually abused know their abuser. Most students drew kids asking for a hug. Consent … Determine which Google services your school will use: G Suite for Education offers two categories … Abraham-Raveson believes that consent education is working when she sees a student stand up for themselves by saying, “You’re touching my body in a way I don’t like,” or when a kid asks for permission to sit on her lap. Children are aware of the current events that have involved violations, and they have questions. HPE students also need WSI - Water Safety Instruction. We can do that by teaching children to ask for permission before they borrow a possession or touch someone. Role play the scenarios. The parents of all of the children had registered the students for in-person learning. Some teachers may be worried that, because this approach doesn't talk about sex directly, students might not transfer the knowledge of consent to sexual activity. A Practical Framework for Teaching Consent • Disentangle consent from the topic of sex. The guidance on consent education looks different from state to state. Elementary school teachers interact with students of vastly different age groups, from the early ages of five or six, to the cusp of adolescence at 11 or 12. Education Week recently published their special report “10 BIG Ideas in Education” to identify the most pressing challenges facing education. Teaching about consent is key to pushing back against abstinence-only messages and is an important part of comprehensive sex education. It’s not unusual for students to disclose that someone has been touching them inappropriately. is an outlier. New York City is bouncing some 12,000 children from in-person education because their parents haven’t signed a consent form allowing random testing for COVID-19. However, most element… One-and-done workshops don’t work, said Alan Berkowitz, a researcher and expert in violence prevention. Teaching students about consent is not mentioned. A Pennsylvania preschool teacher and co-founder of the nonprofit Your Empowered Sexuality (YES! Children can first... Be specific. “It remains the job of the parents to discuss intimacy et al., with their children. Students in elementary schools are all at different phases of development, and their needs vary greatly. She and two friends trained as sexuality educators and created YES! Kleinrock’s lessons with her third graders involved anchor charts and journal prompts like, “What does it mean to give consent?” and “Why is consent important?” Her 8- and 9-year-old students wrote things like, “Asking for consent is important because if you didn’t thay midof not wanted to get tuchd.”. Consent includes knowing and respecting a person’s own boundaries as well as the boundaries of others. “There are ways to approach consent outside of our physical bodies,” she said. When a student moves from one color to another, Abraham-Raveson asks them to explain why. For sexuality education to be truly ‘comprehensive’ we need to engage young people to give K–12 students the sex and consent education they wish they had gotten. Conversations about consent can and should keep going for many years; this is just one exercise to get the discussion started. © 2017-2020 Health 4 Hire All Rights reserved. These often start in upper elementary or middle school when students are learning what sex is. The main federal education law, updated last year, requires high schools to report how they are teaching students about safe relationships, including consent. After elementary school, these students will likely go on to receive lessons from a widely-used curriculum called Long Live Love. This is called “reporting,” not “tattling.” Reporting can save lives. Some students might be instructed on abstinence until marriage, where others might learn about STDs and condoms. 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