/XHeight 457 /P 59 0 R << /Type /Border 337 0 obj /K 87 endobj << /P 99 0 R /Pg 232 0 R /P 45 0 R >> /K 64 0 R /P 32 0 R 310 500 750 750 750 444 722 722 722 722 722 722 889 667 611 611 611 611 333 333 333 To elucidate the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in papaya, we took a candidate gene approach to clone the lycopene β-cyclase gene, LCY-B. << >> endobj << /Rect [ 266.715 33.119 336.535 46.9178 ] >> endobj /Height 63 /K 90 Anal. endobj /P 75 0 R >> /P 50 0 R /S /P /P 96 0 R /S /P 278 278 278 722 722 778 778 778 778 778 584 778 722 722 722 722 667 667 611 556 556 107 0 obj /P 71 0 R endobj 206 0 obj /P 101 0 R << >> 584 556 1015 667 667 722 722 667 611 778 722 278 500 667 556 833 722 778 667 778 An-Na Li, Sha Li, Dong-Ping Xu, Xiang-Rong Xu, Yu-Ming Chen, Wen-Hua Ling, Feng Chen, Hua-Bin Li, Optimization of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Lycopene from Papaya Processing Waste by Response Surface Methodology, Food Analytical Methods, 10.1007/s12161-014-9955-y, 8, 5, (1207-1214), (2014). 17 0 obj 389 389 389 389 722 722 778 778 778 778 778 570 778 722 722 722 722 722 611 556 500 283 0 obj 195 0 obj /K true /Pg 232 0 R /K 106 /S /P /K 140 /TT0 263 0 R /FontName /Arial endobj The intense orangey-pink color of papaya means it is chock full of cancer fighting carotenoids. /CropBox [ 0 0 595.32 841.92 ] << /Pg 1 0 R /Differences [ 24 /breve /caron /circumflex /dotaccent /hungarumlaut /ogonek /ring /tilde 39 /quotesingle >> /S /P >> /P 169 0 R endobj endobj The mean lycopene concentrated of water melon (4868µg/100g) is about 40% higher than the year round mean per raw tomato (3025µ/100g) [12] and water melon ranks 5th among the measure contributors of lycopene in the U.S diet [11]. 292 0 obj 25 0 obj endobj /Resources << endobj 139 0 obj /K 39 The aim of this work was to assess and compare different extraction methods by using high hydrostatic pressure (HHPE), ultrasound (UE), agitation (AE), and their combinations for the extraction of bioactive compounds of Chilean papaya. << 117 0 obj 266 0 obj >> /K [ 172 0 R 173 0 R 69 ] /BaseFont /TimesNewRomanPS-BoldItalicMT >> endobj endobj /Pg 7 0 R [ 24 0 R 25 0 R 293 0 R ] >> /K 54 106 0 obj /P 32 0 R null null null 154 0 R null null null 155 0 R null 156 0 R 157 0 R null null 158 0 R << /Descent -307 Lycopene is the most abundant carotenoid in ripe tomatoes, comprising /Pg 7 0 R In this paper an innovative 38 0 obj /P 32 0 R 12 0 obj >> >> >> And for some, that might even prevent premature wrinkling. /K 19 << << /Subtype /TrueType /Pg 1 0 R /P 32 0 R /K 207 0 R << /Ascent 1006 endobj endobj 260 0 obj /K 82 endobj << endobj >> /GS0 256 0 R /Subtype /TrueType endobj null null 205 0 R null null 206 0 R null null 207 0 R null null 208 0 R 209 0 R 210 0 R >> /Pg 1 0 R /K 7 >> << >> << /K 100 /H 0.5 << endobj /FontDescriptor 258 0 R /Superscript /Span >> /S /TD << /Font 308 0 R /LastChar 255 /Pg 1 0 R << >> /Pg 1 0 R /XObject << endobj /CapHeight 662 << /K 42 /Pg 7 0 R endobj endobj >> /H /I endobj /Pg 1 0 R endobj >> >> /Pg 7 0 R /CapHeight 662 However, the function of LCYB2 is still unclear in papaya. endobj 69 0 obj /ItalicAngle 0 endobj /K 27 << << /P 176 0 R /Pg 1 0 R endobj 238 0 obj Spectrophotometric determination of lycopene from tomatoes by extraction with hexane/ethanol/acetone and absorbance measurement at 503 nm. Acetone and hexane are HPLC grade from Fisher. >> >> /DA (/Helv 0 Tf 0 g ) endobj /S /LBody /S /L >> >> 11 0 obj A B S T R A C T 200 0 obj /S /L endobj /BS << /Thorn /germandbls /agrave /aacute /acircumflex /atilde /adieresis /aring /ae /ccedilla 126 0 obj >> 71 0 R 72 0 R null null 73 0 R null null null 74 0 R null 75 0 R null null null null null << Lycopene is currently the most powerful antioxidant which has been measured in food and is thought to play a role in preventing cancer, heart disease, and macular degeneration. /Pg 7 0 R /K 97 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> 722 667 722 722 722 722 722 675 722 722 722 722 722 556 611 500 500 500 500 500 500 endobj We’ve mentioned there are multiple health benefits of consuming fruits like Gac that contain lycopene, particularly for men. << >> << /P 32 0 R /Pg 1 0 R 268 0 obj >> n e t) Nausea and vomiting have occurred rarely. /Contents 304 0 R endobj /K [ 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 105 ] Animals and humans do to not synthesize lycopene, and thus depend on dietary sources. >> null /Pg 1 0 R << /P 222 0 R /H 0.5 /P 152 0 R 214 0 obj /S /LI Lycopene is currently the most powerful antioxidant which has been measured in food and is thought to play a role in preventing cancer, heart disease, and macular degeneration. /K 141 0 R endobj /P 175 0 R /P 118 0 R /Matrix [ 1 0 0 1 -253.011 -253.011 ] /S /P /S /Table /K 60 /S /P Mix in a ratio of two parts hexane to one part acetone and one … >> /Name /Helv /S /TD endobj /K 205 0 R /Ascent 1023 >> endobj 251 0 obj /K 62 0 R /BaseFont /Helvetica >> Introduction Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a fruit crop widely grown in tropical and sub-tropical environments. 51 0 obj << /Descent -307 endobj /W 0 /S /L /LastChar 255 /S /P /Pg 7 0 R /S /TD endobj endobj /Pg 7 0 R >> 168 0 obj << 274 0 obj /P 213 0 R endobj /Type /ExtGState >> 584 556 1015 667 667 722 722 667 611 778 722 278 500 667 556 833 722 778 667 778 >> 348 0 obj /Widths [ 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 /Im0 3 0 R /K 103 /Encoding /Identity-H >> /Arial 277 0 R 208 0 R 209 0 R 189 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R 128 0 R 187 0 R 130 0 R 131 0 R 132 0 R 183 0 R /P 92 0 R /F 21 0 R /K 155 0 R 227 0 obj i j s r . << /View << << << >> /Pg 232 0 R /Type /Font 500 556 722 611 833 611 556 556 389 278 389 422 500 333 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 /OC 295 0 R >> A modern life style keeps people away from healthy diet. /CA 1 /Creator (International Journal of Science and Research \(IJSR\), www.ijsr.net) TLC analysis reported the Rf value of lycopene to be 0. << /Subscript /Span 111 0 obj >> 259 0 obj /FontName /Arial /K [ 92 0 R 93 0 R 126 ] endobj /S /S >> /Pg 232 0 R /Pg 1 0 R /FontName /TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT /S /TD 198 0 obj /BaseFont /Arial-BoldMT endobj >> /K 95 278 0 obj /V 0.5 /P 63 0 R 57 0 obj /K 43 0 R >> /S /L 136 0 R 181 0 R 138 0 R 175 0 R 144 0 R 145 0 R 146 0 R 166 0 R 157 0 R 165 0 R 159 0 R endobj /S /P /K [ 223 0 R 224 0 R 225 0 R 221 0 R ] endobj /Underline /Span 211 0 R 212 0 R ] endobj /CapHeight 716 << /S /LI /K 137 0 R 330 0 obj >> 28 0 obj endobj /FontStretch /Normal 154 0 obj 75 0 obj /P 91 0 R /K 199 0 R << >> /A 20 0 R null /LastChar 255 endobj /K 47 0 R >> /P 32 0 R null 156 0 obj 127 0 obj endobj /Type /FontDescriptor /ca 1 /Rect [ 266.715 33.119 336.535 46.9178 ] 55 0 obj 134 0 obj 333 0 obj /S /P 293 0 obj endobj /Type /Filespec << /P 32 0 R /Pg 232 0 R /P 178 0 R endobj Lycopene is the most abundant carotenoid in ripe tomatoes, comprising approximately 80-90% of the pigments present. << >> /P 32 0 R /S /LI 30 0 obj 98 0 obj /S /P >> << >> /P 32 0 R 199 0 obj 500 667 444 444 444 444 444 278 278 278 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 549 500 500 /FontFamily (Times New Roman) /S /P /Pg 1 0 R /Pg 7 0 R >> Lyophilized tomatoes contained the highest amount of lycopene (14.11 mg/100 g), followed by dried tomatoes with 6.01 … 556 611 722 722 944 722 722 611 333 278 333 469 500 333 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 endobj /P 152 0 R 163 0 obj << endobj Researches show that lycopene can be absorbed more efficiently by the body after it has been processed into juice, sauce, paste, or ketchup. /P 217 0 R [ ] Acetone 3. >> endobj /Pg 7 0 R /S /TR /FontWeight 400 << endobj Some fruits and vegetables contain lycopene, such as tomatoes, watermelon, papaya, guava, sweet red peppers, mango, carrots, red cabbage, and pink grapefruits. /ParentTreeNextKey 3 130 0 obj /Pg 7 0 R << 261 0 obj /K 10 The reason for the conversion from α-branch to β-branch in the peel of papaya during fruit ripening is not clear. /Pg 7 0 R /Length 4496 /Type /OCMD >> The identification of isolated lycopene was done by using various tests like TLC, U.V spectroscopy, IR. 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 278 278 355 556 556 889 667 191 333 /Descent -307 21 0 obj /ItalicAngle 0 /CA 0.05 /S /P << In fact, if you suffer from sun damage or skin redness, supplementing with lycopene or papaya extract can significantly reduce discoloration. >> endobj The Microculture Tetrazolium salt (MTT) assay was carried out in this investigation, to determine the cell viability. >> /Edieresis /Igrave /Iacute /Icircumflex /Idieresis /Eth /Ntilde /Ograve /Oacute /Ocircumflex /Font << << /Pg 7 0 R /Type /FixedPrint 6200. /K 7 Among the known sources of lycopene, one can cite the papaya fruit which is available for use throughout the year and has good acceptability (Rodriguez-Amaya et al., 2008). /Endnote /Note << << endobj >> << /OC 295 0 R /K 196 0 R >> /FontName /TimesNewRoman,Italic /TT2 271 0 R Lycopene is a red carotenoid pigment that naturally occurs in ripe tomatoes and other fruits such as papaya, watermelon and guava. endobj >> /S /LBody endobj 155 0 obj /ItalicAngle 0 /Pg 7 0 R /P 97 0 R /W 0 192 0 obj /Registry (Adobe) /K 60 0 R /K 94 /OCGs 296 0 R /Pg 232 0 R Key words: Carotenoid, lycopene, lycopene b-cyclase, papaya fruit. /S /S /K 63 endobj /S /TR A B S T R A C T Lycopene a carotenoid in the same family as beta-carotene, is what gives tomatoes, pink grapefruit, apricots, red oranges, watermelon, and guava their red color. >> /K 143 << /S /LBody Rich) Aqueous Extract on the Zoo technical Performance of Broilers Chickens, Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using Tinospora cordifolia and their evolution of antimicrobial activities and photocatalytic dye degradation studies, Investigation of Cardiac Protective Activity of Ethanolic Extracts of Tribulus Terrestris in Rats, Formulation and In-Vitro Evaluation of Terbutaline Sulphate Sublingual Tablets, Formulation and evaluation of ointments containing methanolic leaf extract of Momordica balsamina Linn (Cucurbitaceae) for wound healing. Fruits and vegetables are main source of natural antioxidant components. /P 172 0 R /CA 1 /K 197 0 R In fresh fruit, lycopene is enclosed in the fruit tissue whereas in processed fruits it is more bio-available and increases the surface area for digestion. endobj Lycopene extract from tomato may also be used in food supplements. /P 95 0 R << /K 45 endobj /S /P << Med. /BitsPerComponent 8 Significant differences were observed among the lycopene, β-carotene and total … /S /TD << 48 0 obj /FontFamily (Arial) /P 220 0 R /K 39 0 R 500 220 500 333 747 266 500 606 333 747 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 500 250 333 300 /A 273 0 R << /S /P 91 0 obj << /Border [ 0 0 0 ] endobj /Ascent 1006 /P 96 0 R /Type /ExtGState /Chart /Figure 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 278 278 355 556 556 889 667 191 333 null << /P 32 0 R But how does that work? /S /TD /K 14 endobj 184 0 obj << /Type /Annot >> /P 180 0 R /Pg 7 0 R /Name (Headers/Footers) The yield of lycopene from papaya is extracted by acetone- petroleum ether method (Figure 3). /FontDescriptor 262 0 R /P 32 0 R >> endobj /Subtype /HF ascorbic acid, quercetin, riboflavin and lycopene were studied and leaf aqueous extract was used for implantation in CAM model assay to determine the anti-angiogenic property of Carica papaya leaves. /S /URI Pharm. << 162 0 obj 556 556 222 222 500 222 833 556 556 556 556 333 500 278 556 500 722 500 500 500 334 /FontBBox [ -665 -325 2000 1006 ] endobj /Pg 1 0 R >> /K 139 0 R /K 61 0 R /Rect [ 44.6489 167.949 550.671 673.971 ] /Type /Font 205 0 obj << /S /P /FontName /TimesNewRoman,BoldItalic /K 58 132 0 obj This article looks at the health benefits and top food sources of lycopene. /S /LBody /URI (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ) >> << /S /TD /Subtype /Watermark << << 189 0 obj /S /TR /P 45 0 R /K 215 0 R << >> >> 160 0 obj /K 0 Red Blush) and papaya (Cv. >> /S /Sect << 197 0 obj /Export << << >> /K 79 0 R /Type /Border << 158 0 obj /Type /Font /Type /Font endobj /P 174 0 R /K 8 /K 102 endobj << /Pg 1 0 R /S /TD >> /S /P /K 180 0 R /S /P /K 27 146 0 obj >> /K 14 /P 32 0 R The papaya, a previously exotic and rare fruit, is now available at most times of the year. 333 500 675 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 333 333 675 675 /P 32 0 R /FixedPrint 294 0 R /GS1 313 0 R 342 0 obj /egrave /eacute /ecircumflex /edieresis /igrave /iacute /icircumflex /idieresis /eth /Author (Suraj Ashok Bhagat, Aditya Vikas Sakhare, Sohan Sunil Dhanawade) 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 250 333 408 500 500 833 778 180 333 >> It was first isolated from Tamuscommunisby Harsten in 1873. [ 190 0 R 191 0 R null null 192 0 R null null 193 0 R null null 194 0 R null null << /H /I 288 0 obj >> n e t) endobj /Type /FixedPrint 275 500 333 760 276 500 675 333 760 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 523 250 333 300 310 /TextBox /Art 72 0 obj null /S /LBody Extraction of pure lycopene from industrial tomato by-products in water using a new high-pressure process ... (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. /S /Figure 480 541 350 500 350 333 500 444 1000 500 500 333 1000 556 333 889 350 611 350 350 << endobj /AP << /K 213 0 R 100 gms of papaya paste was weighed and 125ml of acetone was mixed and was allowed to stand for 3-4 mins to remove water. /K 69 0 R 556 556 556 889 556 556 556 556 556 278 278 278 278 611 611 611 611 611 611 611 549 /S /TR 193 0 obj /S /TD Ripe tomato peels are the richest source of lycopene, but the use of conventional solvent extraction methods without pretreatment of the plant material results in very poor recovery. 226 0 obj Malviya, N. “Isolation and Quantification of Lycopene from Watermelon, Tomato and Papaya”, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, Vol. /K 30 << /S /P 143 0 obj /P 219 0 R /S /LI /Rect [ 266.715 33.119 336.535 46.9178 ] 46 0 obj 23 0 obj /K 67 /Type /Annot Lycopene (from the neo-Latin Lycopersicum, the tomato species) is a bright red carotenoid hydrocarbon found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, grapefruits, and papayas, but it is not present in strawberries or cherries. 39 0 obj i j s r . >> >> 8 0 obj /S /P /P 112 0 R /P 32 0 R >> /BaseFont /PZTLHO+SymbolMT Lycopene has been linked to many … endobj endobj 327 0 obj /K 3 >> /S /LBody /Font 311 0 R /XHeight 519 86 0 obj >> /Pg 7 0 R The earliest lycopene isolation procedure was recorded in 1910, but its molecular structure was only determined in 1931. 564 444 921 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 722 667 endobj /K 143 0 R 333 500 564 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 564 564 /P 82 0 R << /Font 290 0 R endobj /P 149 0 R endobj << /S /P /Helv 343 0 R The extraction method of the present invention forcibly mixes a nonpolar organic solvent with fruit pulp meal tissue such that the nonpolar organic solvent can be infiltrated into the cellulose of the tissue, thereby being capable of maximizing the extraction efficiency of lycopene. /S /URI 95 0 obj /Type /OCG >> 147 0 obj /K 78 /K 133 /S /TD endobj 208 0 obj /StemV 88 /S /TR J. Chem. 110 0 obj /K 164 0 R endobj << >> /S /TR /S /LI endobj /K 6 549 611 556 556 556 556 500 556 500 ] << /Flags 34 ), watermelon, red pepper and papaya, is usually recovered from natural vegetal sources using organic solvents and a purification step. endobj << endobj /FontStretch /Normal << 333 365 556 834 834 834 611 667 667 667 667 667 667 1000 722 667 667 667 667 278 << Figure 1(A) shows the spectrophotometric result of lycopene extraction with different solvent extraction from yellow-fleshed papaya pulp. << /K 116 0 R /Pg 1 0 R /degree /plusminus /twosuperior /threesuperior /acute /mu 183 /periodcentered /cedilla /Pg 1 0 R 265 0 obj /S /TD /Ascent 1018 115 0 obj >> /S /Figure ����>�tc\�rx�'��V~j߭�h~���ا��L�Xx�m��kK�@���Q��'s�h���x���g������ϛ�z�F�476����Vd2�6\�+n�����:�=�N�m��-/���+����ˬӓSmaе���O�gH��'���>�E�eT��I��Le ����9���D��C����k�Z��,?���Y�#OW�_�k�Q��7Y�٧W��:�'g`�,�+�� DN��?� �4��>BD��׋6T|�9 /S /TR /H /I 70 0 obj /CS0 254 0 R /Pg 1 0 R 500 200 500 333 760 276 500 564 333 760 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 453 333 333 300 278 278 500 500 350 556 1000 333 1000 556 333 944 350 500 667 278 333 556 556 556 << 722 556 667 722 722 1000 722 722 667 333 278 333 581 500 333 500 556 444 556 444 << /K 84 0 R /Pg 7 0 R 15 0 obj /Subtype /TrueType /Subtype /Link 73 0 obj >> >> 294 0 obj 444 444 667 444 444 444 444 444 278 278 278 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 549 500 >> >> 178 0 obj endobj 313 0 obj /S /P /FontBBox [ -665 -325 2000 1006 ] << /Type /FontDescriptor endobj fleshed papaya, although the contributions of these foods to dietary lycopene are limited [11]. /FontWeight 700 >> /FirstChar 0 /OC 295 0 R Natural food sources of lycopene are tomatoes, watermelon, pink guava, pink grapes, papaya and apricots.Lycopene has been extracted from the several different fruits and berries. /S /TD endobj /S /P endobj Keywords: Carica papaya, fruit flesh color, lycopene β-cyclase Introduction Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a productive fruit crop cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. 333 300 330 500 750 750 750 500 722 722 722 722 722 722 1000 722 667 667 667 667 124 0 obj /Subtype /Type1 /K 55 0 R endobj endobj 169 0 obj /K 35 endobj /BaseFont /ArialMT endobj null null 140 0 R null null null 141 0 R null null null 142 0 R null null null 143 0 R /FontBBox [ -498 -307 1333 1023 ] endobj /K 32 >> 93 0 obj The antioxidant properties help balance free radical activity in the body and in doing so, may offer protection against certain diseases, keep bones strong and healthy, and help eyesight by helping delay or prevent cataracts, macular degeneration, and other age-rela… The present study is aimed at extracting Lycopene from Papaya and conducting Antioxidant studies using DPPH method. << null /K 38 58 0 obj /Flags 4 �w ?1�4c9�}�`x��~̓ͳ�>oLp��.��k�l���ժ�W����ƚ��U� ��pl{�Al�����hsN� �؝'�`=�a�UK�e�c@$�R�xe���{@�O�d�}h�~(ǯ��Z5u���?��wQ��X~��4�F+ug�יk[��+�I���_l€�ӯ��^3��hʤ�nv.^?���NE~�J�z� Y�D��s�I���`��3��/�}'%�w�����^Z%] 4�@ ���2��T�a'�8�_��~�����Y�W��}���p�l�[�����٫VV'U�"э^M��TY� �hxX��3)e��Z�H��AL9�r�2�� �6���Ŷ���3�G:"��Ϣ�w�N�*��/�=J���NN>>Uh�kK��ywu�cbca�)ĩ���X �����h�#��� Z^�� |��r:VC�ʯ'�^�''��Ow��y�\�6�Qǽ���d��`4����ѫ�sZ���4�A /K 133 0 R << /Type /Annot 556 280 556 333 737 370 556 584 333 737 552 400 549 333 333 333 576 556 333 333 333 /K 57 0 R << /Type /Annot /Type /Font endobj /S /Launch endobj Results from one study found that adults with Alzheimer’s who took papaya extract saw a 40 percent reduction in a biomarker that indicates oxidative damage. /Pg 7 0 R While lycopene yield of 74.538 mg/ kg exhibits DPPH scavenging activity of 91.14%; FRAP value of 954 µM Fe(II)/L and TPC content equals 1409.42 mg/L GAE at a temperature of 120°C for 4 hours extraction time with a solid-solvent ratio of 1:30 g/ml. << endobj 556 556 260 556 333 737 370 556 584 333 737 552 400 549 333 333 333 576 537 333 333 << << >> endobj >> null 365 556 834 834 834 611 722 722 722 722 722 722 1000 722 667 667 667 667 278 278 /S /TD �8�\n��=g���f!��?���w�|�zާq�X-�Y�F՞������48����*t�M|J�pA� ��X�8I}��� � �u���-����#ٙ��Xi�]67�7=�¥����\G�9�E�櫇������]��:7L�۟�ˣ����TL����dpe�� /F (www.ijsr.net) /K 140 0 R null null 43 0 R null null null 44 0 R null 45 0 R 46 0 R null null 47 0 R null null >> /S /TD /Pg 7 0 R << /K 186 0 R L{l`{s\$�b�s� ��g�U��G�A� �����^�?V'�n���I"�I&$ I��t��'�c�k(�ƶ�>� �����������Ȅ�dÏܗ 5�?`��IE�1�X�����T�cRI(������vα� )�I&~K��b@Ԣ�t�X�X��pp�i�����I$�$�I)I$�JRI$���I$�$�I)I$�JRI$���I$�$�I)I$�JRI$���I$��S��uz����p�'��~�u.�v}]�ﵧO�e~���ԭ�R� h � ��?HO�q����� �׊����L:�^}�g�4V]C��ުa�~��lع���O�ua��5� ����?�TiΡ���x0㯔��p2�2��ߓ�� �5��g�!����c�o endobj endobj /S /LI 159 0 obj 209 0 obj /K 137 endobj endobj /S /LI /S /TD /P 32 0 R >> /S /P Lycopene extraction experiments were carried out in 50-mL screw-capped flasks immersed in a water bath maintained at the desired temperature (10, 25 or 40 °C). /Type /StructTreeRoot 165 0 obj Natural food sources of lycopene are tomatoes, watermelon, pink guava, pink grapes, papaya and apricots.Lycopene has been extracted from the several different fruits and berries. Potassium is another mineral in papayas that helps keep hearts healthy and builds and maintains muscle (x, x). Although the papaya test meal contained substantially more dietary fibre, lycopene and β-carotene were more bioavailable from the papaya test meal than from the tomato and carrot test meals. /S /P [ null null 125 0 R null null 126 0 R 127 0 R 128 0 R null null 129 0 R null null null null 159 0 R 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R 163 0 R ] 289 0 obj 138 0 obj /S /LBody >> >> << When consumption of lycopene from different products up to 150 mg daily shows no side effects.Recent studies have shown that ingested lycopene … /CA 1 << << /S /L /Border [ 0 0 0 ] endobj /Pg 7 0 R << >> /S /P endobj << /P 32 0 R 240 0 obj %���� /S /L /FontBBox [ 0 -220 1113 1005 ] << /Arial 277 0 R endobj /Flags 98 295 0 obj << 130 0 R 131 0 R null 132 0 R null null 133 0 R null null null 134 0 R null null null /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /P 173 0 R 285 0 obj 212 0 obj endobj /K 40 0 R /Fields 342 0 R i j s r . /P 113 0 R << /Type /Font The pulp from a single variety of papaya was used for Lycopene, β-carotene, Total Phenolic Content (TPC) extraction and others analysis. /S /P /P 120 0 R Red flesh watermelon is the main food sources of Lycopene as the plentiful carotenoid 8. /W 0 >> /Rect [ 188 21.6199 415.25 33.119 ] One gram of partially dehydrated tomato peels and 30 mL of the solvent were placed into the flasks and magnetically stirred at 350 rpm for 30 min. << endobj /H 0.5 /P 104 0 R >> endobj /Type /OCMD /S /LBody >> << 353 0 obj /P 88 0 R /Subtype /Link /W [ 120 [ 460 ] ] A super source of lycopene, papaya extract can prevent UV damage, so think of it as an internal SPF when it comes to photo-aging caused by the sun. /Title (Isolation of Lycopene from Papaya and Study of its Antimicrobial Activity) endobj endobj /S /LI << /K 134 0 R endobj 6 0 obj << 135 0 obj /Type /Border 52 0 R null 53 0 R 54 0 R null null 55 0 R null null null null 56 0 R null null null << /P 108 0 R >> 611 611 611 611 611 556 611 556 ] endobj /Rect [ 188 21.6199 415.25 33.119 ] Tren. /Type /Font /FontWeight 400 It was first isolated from Tamuscommunis by Harsten in 1873. endobj /StemV 88 endobj 22 0 obj >> Supplements such as papaya powder rich in carotenoids (e.g., lycopene) help boost the antioxidant properties of the “good” cholesterol HDL, which can also help support heart health. 345 0 obj >> /S /TR /S /LBody /Annots 17 0 R 3 !1AQa"q�2���B#$R�b34r��C%�S���cs5���&D�TdE£t6�U�e���u��F'���������������Vfv��������7GWgw�������� ; !1AQaq"2����B#�R��3$b�r��CScs4�%���&5��D�T�dEU6te����u��F���������������Vfv��������'7GWgw���������� ? endobj /Fm0 305 0 R /CA 0.05 >> 120 0 obj << >> /W 0 >> [ 259 0 R ] Bio. /Type /Font Washed and dried guava, papaya and watermelon were cut in half and the pulp was sampled. 119 0 obj >> endobj << /Pg 232 0 R >> 2 0 obj endobj /P 227 0 R null null 48 0 R null null null 49 0 R null 50 0 R null null 51 0 R null null null endobj 277 0 obj /K 74 0 R /ca 0.05 /FontName /Arial,Bold null << /K 135 0 R 172 0 obj /K 86 endobj /P 183 0 R /S /L Extract antioxidant capacity was evaluated by three methods (i.e., DPPH, FRAP, and Voltammetry) and phenolic compounds and vitamin C were determined by HPLC. Tomato is very rich and good source of lycopene. /Usage << 153 0 obj /BaseFont /PZTLHO+SymbolMT 389 722 722 722 722 722 722 722 570 722 722 722 722 722 611 611 500 500 500 500 500 186 0 obj >> /K 109 0 R endobj 333 333 556 556 350 500 889 333 980 389 333 667 350 389 556 250 389 500 500 500 500 endobj >> Lett., 2020, 8(1): 01-29, Novel Approaches in Co-Crystal Formation of Asunaprevir for Improved Physicochemical Properties, In-vitro Cytotoxic Activity of Persea Americana Miller Leaves Extracts, Structurally simple N-Aryl-7-chloro-4-amino-quinolines with High Biological Activity against Ebola (Makona) Virus, Design and In-vitro Characterization of Zaltoprofen Tablets for Pulsatile Drug Delivery System, Updated Review on Huntington’s Disease (HD), Formulation and Evaluation of Microsponge Loaded Hydrogel for Topical Delivery, Evaluation of the Antioxidant and Antimicrobial activity of the Myrica nagi Leaf extracts, Pharmacological Studies on Anti diabetic Effect of Papaverine Psychosis Associated Diabetes Mellitus in Sprague-Dawley Rats, A Study on Prevalence and Risk Factors of Depression, An Overview on Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Benztriazole Deravatives, Isolation and Identification of Pectinase Producing Fungus and Enzyme Quantification, Evaluation of Acetic Acid Induced Ulcer and Antioxidant Activities of Datura Stramonium Plant Phenolic Extracts, Investigation of Cardio Protective Activity of Ethanolic Extracts of Euryale Ferox Seeds in Rats, Case Studies Showing Comparison between CIS Countries and EU Regulatory Frame Considering the Development of Russion Regulatory Legislation and Marketing Autharization Herbal Medicinal Products, Regulations for Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Determination of anti-antimicrobial activity of vitis vinifera peels and seeds extracts, Investigation of Antidiabetic Activity and Antioxidant Activity of Moringa Oleifera in Rats, Investigation of Anti Ulcer Activity of Triticum Aestivum in Rats, Current Appraisal Procedures for New Regulations, Standards, Policies, and Guidance Issued by Regulatory Authorities, Microbial adsorption and inhibition mechanisms of Clay Minerals and Derived Materials: A Review, The Effect of Sclerocarya Birrea (A. 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