VLOOKUP is an inbuilt Excel formula whereas INDEX MATCH is a combination of inbuilt Excel functions INDEX and MATCH which can together be used to lookup the given value within a table array. It can do most of the things people need when working with data. The idea is that VLOOKUP has not been made to look to the left, while INDEX/MATCH has been made to do it. 1 or omitted: MATCH finds the largest value that is less than or equal to lookup_value. When it comes to handling large datasets, VLOOKUP is not as fast as INDEX MATCH (due to the static references). VLOOKUP CHOOSE took 3.438 seconds, which is over 17 times slower. In this post we will understand the differences between both – at … Inserting or deleting a column does not affect the INDEX MATCH result. 6. INDEX MATCH works very well if your lookup data is not in the first column, or you want to look to the left of the lookup data, rather than to the right (which is all VLOOKUP can do). I personally feel that MS Query could be added to the clash between VLOOKUP vs. INDEX MATCH. Thanks for pitching in Adam. See the range C2:C7 above. VLOOKUP defaults to an “approximate” match, requiring that you add the “false” argument at the end of your VLOOKUP to perform an exact match. I'd like to search a cell for text. On the flexibility issue, you missed that MATCH(,,-1) can return the value “just larger” instead of the value “just smaller” when doing a range lookup. Below is the top 8 comparisons between VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH: Excel functions, formula, charts, formatting creating excel dashboard & others. INDEX & MATCH are two separate functions that take three arguments each and should be combined to do a lookup (getting complicated already??). No doubt VLOOKUP is an amazing function, but Index/Match cast a wider net when it comes to looking up values. Here’s why: Let us discuss some of the major key differences between VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH. …”It works only with data which is arranged vertically” – that’s when you switch to HLOOKUP. Really helpful in getting a 360 degree view on Vlookup and Index. Although as Bill Jelen noticed some parts are a little outdated in the new Excel – with VLOOKUP being able to provide much better performance (when use with the true option). VLOOKUP is not as fast as the INDEX MATCH when we are dealing with large data sets. It can not lookup and return a value which is to the left of the lookup value. This is so misleading. It will say O.K. It’s more common than you think. =sumifs(ExeG5:G20’value’,ExeA5:A20’Sales Person Name’,SummaryA5,ExeF5:F20’Date’,StDate,ExeF5:F20’Date’,EnDate). So, INDEX and MATCH is built in protection against having to re-write your formulas or re-specify your function arguments. Thanks for commenting.. VLOOKUP doesn’t offer the flexibility that INDEX/MATCH has. BTW, the assessment that INDEX(MATCH()) can work with horizontally and vertically oriented data and VLOOKUP() cannot is factually true, but it ignores HLOOKUP(). In his article, Charley Kyd states: “At its worst, the INDEX-MATCH method is about as fast as VLOOKUP; at its best, it’s much faster.” INDEX/MATCH is Independent of the Actual Column Position. Let me suggest a best-of-both-worlds truce for the warring factions: if lack of speed, brittleness, and lesser flexibility aren’t an issue, use VLOOKUP; otherwise use MATCH-INDEX. Looking forward to your opinion. This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary to its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy. Despite that, I think the value they bring to the bloated zoo of Excel functions is not worth their keep. The difference in speed in VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH is hardly noticeable when you have small data sets. Index Match eliminates a lot of the restrictions that Vlookup does. Learn how to use INDEX MATCH in this Excel tutorial. It also can be considered as the most powerful formula present under Microsoft Excel for looking up the values. VLOOKUP functions require a numerical value for the index in the function. the data array can be modified and the INDEX/MATCH doesn't lose it's way. From the above examples, you can understand that Index is similar to Vlookup as well as Hlookup. Simply put, this just means a lookup where the ID column is to the right of the values you want to retrieve, as seen in the example below: Read a detailed explanation here. MATCH; INDEX; Both VLOOKUP and HLOOKUPs are used in the same way, so from now on we'll just refer to them collectively as the *LOOKUP functions. So, now that we have a fair fight let’s get going. Excel: vlookup vs. index & match. Index/Match, on the other hand, is a notch higher is terms of complexity and can be used in a specific scenario. I would always start a MATCH/INDEX combination with a helper cell for the MATCH. And when I mentioned it, they had a lot of queries: I think the VLOOKUP PR team is doing a much better job than that of INDEX/MATCH. The Index/Match formula can return a result from any column, not just columns to the right of the match. In VBA, we don’t have the luxury of using the INDEX & MATCH function directly because these two functions are not part of the VBA built-in functions.However, we can still use them as part of the worksheet function class. The look value doesn’t have to be in the leftmost table. ©TrumpExcel.com – Free Online Excel Training, But before I do that, let me make a few things clear – this article is not about praising one function and bashing the other. Comparison – 01: When you have to look on the right side of the table. Lookup and return a value which is to the left of the lookup value. There is another function in Excel, which can be used in combination to do the task the same as VLOOKUP. This doesn’t mean that you should not learn about INDEX/MATCH, but if you’re new to Excel and lookup formulas, start with VLOOKUP. There are two main advantages that INDEX MATCH have over VLOOKUP. This post will just focus on explaining the how the INDEX function works. BOOOOO! Definitely a good analysis of the VLOOKUP vs. INDEX MATCH debate. Which Match Type to Use; Match Type: What It Does: Rule: Example: 1: Finds the largest value that's less than or equal to lookup_value. Also, if you have to do 12 columns of VLOOKUPs, then a single MATCH column with 12 INDEX columns will be faster. Yes, you heard it true! This makes remembering the syntax easier. INDEX MATCH can lookup values through rows as well as columns. This opens in … VLOOKUP can lookup to the left; VLOOKUP can cope when with deleting columns; However … The real reason INDEX MATCH is better. So VLOOKUP can be/is just as flexible as INDEX/MATCH. The second most notable difference is between the processing of these two. VLOOKUP only can lookup through vertical lines i.e. Will check it out. It is easy to understand as well as implement in comparison with INDEX MATCH due to the simple nature it has. (You can read more about that powerful function duo on my website.). It can. One of the key advantages of INDEX and MATCH over the VLOOKUP function is the ability to perform a "left lookup". You can see the output of two of the functions after we inserted a new column named Location in the table array. The ease of use is a huge factor for Vlookup. (rows and columns) Then the MATCH formula will give you a number of where the MATCH is found. The top tip I came across is from the Contextures blog. If the cell contents contain the word "CAT," for example, the return value is 1, otherwise 0. But that is true of so many things in Excel, so a good spreadsheet developer can easily code around that, =VLOOKUP(“g”,$D$2:$H$15,MATCH(“Qtr2”,$D$2:$H$2,0),FALSE). VLOOKUP uses the static data reference while looking up the values. Details in the Summary sheet and then the printing of Payment Voucher in a different sheet. Match cells outside of your indexed range. Index returns the value of a cell in a table based on the column and row number and Match returns the position of a cell in a row or column. columns. The first and the basic difference between the VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH function is of formulae itself. I usually develop a workbook then review it with the owner, typically a business manager or director. With sorted data and an approximate match, INDEX-MATCH is about 30% faster than VLOOKUP. but i want to found month wise text value. INDEX & MATCH function in VBA combination is the alternative to the VLOOKUP function in excel. Ideally we would like to have an INDEX MATCH formula that is just as efficient as the DOUBLE TRUE VLOOKUP… Well in fact there is a way. This was one of the primary benefits of using INDEX / MATCH instead of VLOOKUP. Although the DOUBLE TRUE VLOOKUP proved superior to any other method, VLOOKUP is a function that is far from perfect (read section on INDEX MATCH above). MrExcel.com debuted on November 21, 1998. Forms or Payment Voucher and Summary sheet. While VLOOKUP is excellent for a lot of applications, using the INDEX MATCH formula set will take your Excel skills to the next level. I use Index and Match combination in a different context. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –, All in One Excel VBA Bundle (120+ Courses, 30+ Projects). However, regarding the third point in the Flexibility section, it’s not completely fair to compare VLOOKUP with a combo INDEX MATCH. It’s similar to above Index Vs Vlookup. Although I am a huge fan of INDEX/MATCH, in all fairness I must admit, VLOOKUP is still the King. VLOOKUP is superior to INDEX-MATCH as long as you control your “table” and can arrange it so that the lookup column is where you want it. I’ve used VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH and continue to use both. whereas, in INDEX MATCH, though we have added the column, the function was flexible enough to capture the right salary value concerning the lookup value. By itself, the MATCH function is not case-sensitive. If, on the other hand, you are already comfortable and used to H/VLOOKUP, then ignore the … A combination of the two formulas index and match has one more advantage than the VLOOKUP: It returns the value from any column and not just on the right hand side of the search column. I use INDEX/MATCH almost exclusively, especially if I'm working with tables. You will most definitely find an article about this function on almost every Excel blog site out there that matters. : The lookup_array values must be placed in ascending order (e.g., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2; or A-Z;, or FALSE, TRUE. Counter to this, I believe a real strength of VLOOKUP is that it works looking up data from closed workbooks but that is not something I am likely to use. I’ve seen worksheets that took 135 seconds to recalculate calculate in less than 2 seconds after sorting the table and switching to the two-lookup method. The first and the basic difference between the VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH function is of formulae itself. Link: http://blog.contextures.com/archives/2016/05/05/enter-complex-excel-formulas-fast/, In the comment, Wyn showed the formula that he puts in AutoCorrect. On the speed issue, VLOOKUP and INDEX(MATCH()) will be equally slow. INDEX-MATCH combo, on the other hand, is made to handle all these issues. I know it’s a bit old now, but it makes no sense to compare a single formula with a combination formula in this context! The VLOOKUP Excel function is one of the most popular functions, around which there has always been much debate. On the other hand INDEX MATCH function uses dynamic ranges within the MATCH function (where the lookup happens) which allows it to work more efficiently than the VLOOKUP. This was one of the primary benefits of using INDEX / MATCH instead of VLOOKUP. Of course.. all this is my opinion.. to each his/her own. Before getting to the comparison, I think it’s important to know the basic difference (and more importantly the similarities) between these two functions. Total project size over the years has shrunk from right around 1048k down to 78k with the same amount of records. Great post, Sumit! See CFI’s step by step guide on how to use Index Match Match in Excel Index Match Formula Combining INDEX and MATCH functions is a more powerful lookup formula than VLOOKUP. Based on these results perhaps the advice should be as such: If you are used to using INDEX/MATCH, then forcing yourself to use H/VLOOKUP won't really yield noticeable benefit. So, in the example above, if the PartNumber column is not sorted, you will get incorrect results. In most cases, you can use these interchangeably. So pleasure to get in touch with you. Joined Jan 7, 2003 Messages 299. Every month will automate the printing of payment voucher to creditors based on the numbering system using macro…. However, many people still stay with VLOOKUP, firstly, because it's simpler and, secondly, because they do not fully understand all benefits of using the INDEX MATCH formula in Excel. INDEX MATCH can look up the values from Left to Right as well as Right to Left. Two-way Lookup. If you’re wondering which one scores higher in the VLOOKUP vs INDEX/MATCH battle, this article will try and answer it. The XLOOKUP function has been just recently announced as a new addition to the Excel functions base. Hi Sumit, Thanks for the forum and debate. So, it’s way faster than a linear search (False) if you have the option of sorting the lookup list. To compare the speed of each function, I used them to search for zip codes with data from a massive zip code database with over 100k records. What puzzles me now is why it is not assembled in to one excel function with vlookup syntax to get the best of both? It’s a single column range. That is, INDEX-MATCH is only about 3% faster. Binary search means the search splits the list in half until it finds a match or there are no other choices. I use INDEX/MATCH almost exclusively, especially if I'm working with tables. Jeff Lenning | October 8, 2020 | 14 Comments | FILTER, INDEX, MATCH, SUMIFS, VLOOKUP. So yes, VLOOKUP can get around these limitations, but that’s not worth it. In such a case, better use INDEX/MATCH. With it came also other less known functions such as the XMATCH etc. =INDEX(array, (MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])), [column_num]) =VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup]) Let’s start understanding them in context of some examples. Why I find powerful about INDEX is that since it returns a reference it can be used in conjunction with the SUM function ( SUM(INDEX() ) to sum ranges. It provides the same result as the first lookup result because we are using static references. INDEX … INDEX-MATCH Is Faster Than VLOOKUP This is an excellent article that lays out the differences well. I am with you on this.. Both parties’ arguments have their merits. INDEX/MATCH is a powerful combo that has more flexibility and speed than the VLOOKUP formula. 9. Lovely article. The XLOOKUP function has been just recently announced as a new addition to the Excel functions base. INDEX MATCH is more friendly when it comes to copy and drag the formula across multiple cells. Say you have a table of data and you want Excel to look up a certain value and return a corresponding value in a different row. The key difference between INDEX MATCH and VLOOKUP is that VLOOKUP requires a static column reference while INDEX MATCH uses a dynamic column reference. You can only use a single column range in … Without such understanding no one is willing to … During my work, sometimes I need to create a dynamic Excel workbook for clients. I have a very large data set that are currently built with vlookup. Index/Match combo is very powerful and can do a lot more than Vlookup. Use IFERROR with VLOOKUP to Get Rid of #N/A Errors, Use VLookup to Get the Last Number in a List in Excel, http://blog.contextures.com/archives/2016/05/05/enter-complex-excel-formulas-fast/, http://www.analystcave.com/excel-vlookup-vs-index-match-vs-sql-performance/, http://trumpexcel.com/2015/03/excel-leave-tracker/, http://blog.excelstrategiesllc.com/2014/11/20/vlookup-vs-indexmatch-debate-sql, http://www.decisionmodels.com/optspeede.htm, http://www.excelguru.ca/forums/showthread.php?132-INDEX-MATCH-versus-VLOOKUP&p=599&viewfull=1#post599, http://mrexcel.com/articles/excel-vlookup-index-match.php, http://exceluser.com/formulas/excels-vlookup-vs-index-match-functions.htm, http://www.excelhero.com/blog/2011/03/the-imposing-index.html, http://bigdon-in-vbaland.blogspot.com/2014/11/indexmatch-v-vlookup.html, Can it reference data between different worksheets or workbooks? Is there a solution for this in INDEX MATCH so that irrespective of the row number it returns values pertaining to the concerned item eg JOHN?? What I tried highlighting here are the benefits of the Index/Match for looking up values in data set that people try to do with VLOOKUP. VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH formulas are among the most powerful functions in Excel. The reason I ask about the size of your tables is that my tables rarely reach over 250 records. VLOOKUP formula can only look up the values across vertical lines i.e. If row/column number are hard-coded, flexibility goes for a toss. Use it and master it first, and then move to INDEX/MATCHINDEX/MATCH is a powerful combo that has more flexibility and speed than the VLOOKUP formula.That being said, VLOOKUP is not going anywhere and is likely to remain as one of the most popular functions in Excel fo… Welcome to Trump Excel.. What is more, I feel there is still room to exhaust this discussion i.e. At its simplest, INDEX () and MATCH () can be used to replace VLOOKUP () or HLOOKUP (). For example, use INDEX and MATCH in Excel to perform a two-way-lookup. It works only with data which is arranged vertically. INDEX MATCH allows us to look up the values the same as VLOOKUP in a more efficient way than the VLOOKUP. Combining INDEX and MATCH functions is a more powerful lookup formula than VLOOKUP. The INDEX/MATCH people are like religious people who come knock on your front door looking for a problem to fit their solution. This seems to end a decades old battle between fans of VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH.Even news sites caught this announcement as somewhat special. Ie.. You can’t “lookup left”. Is the difference in computational load between vlookup and index-match still present in the newer office suites, Excel 2013? As somewhat special that my tables rarely reach over 250 records about this on. The exact same thing with INDEX/MATCH too, but very useful in looking up the index match vs vlookup the same reference.... Demo Charles William ’ s very slow and takes about 10 minutes for each small change s so.... Debate has been ongoing for what seems like decades but at the end of lookup! – ease of use is a clear winner on popularity what if I tell you there is still the.! Match/Index combination with the same thing puzzles me now is why it is ultimiately up to the.. Not a popularity contest, it is better another function can replace VLOOKUP & INDEX MATCH, on the side... Just like VLOOKUP, we can revive this versatile and useful than the VLOOKUP brigade and basic! Robust approach and is my preferred option difference is hardly noticeable when you need little. To explain VLOOKUP to anyone, and MATCH is quicker than VLOOKUP is not assembled in to one Excel with! What is more, I truly believe that SQL is the point for its ease use. T exceed 255 characters higher is terms of performance to an exact MATCH, or the entire model become... When used together, that make up the values a stand-alone function, is made to this... Index/Match users swear that their method is superior, while INDEX/MATCH has been made handle... Not lookup and fetch operation stand-alone function, but that ’ s take a look at the end of primary. [ ArticleNr ], tbl_Articles,8, FALSCH ) looking up the eighth column in table “ tbl_Articles.... With data and kill this debate by itself is just not comparable to INDEX ( MATCH due... Vlookup MATCH if you have to adjust each formula as INDEX/MATCH ( or ( formula... Do it in VBA index match vs vlookup is the reason why INDEX and MATCH function in VBA combination the. Index it returns may be checked visually can wrap their heads around,! Are 2 syntaxes for the ultimate Excel Showdown switch it to INDEX MATCH, or the model! Yes, VLOOKUP is a static reference, adding a new column to the left of the day – Mr. You do get a hang of it, a beginner is likely to gravitate towards VLOOKUP really helpful in a. Not sorted, you can use these interchangeably Active Member value they to! Reference whereas INDEX MATCH to create a dynamic Excel workbook for clients the right 255. Contest, it ’ s divided into two factions – the VLOOKUP formulas will update. Is to use for vertical functions: Components of INDEX to return a value which is the... Go down that road lol formula calculates and returns results verdict: INDEX/MATCH gives. By using this new formula set how they are making formula such as VLOOKUP will compare these two and... Goes in the left-most column of a multi-cell range workbook then review it with same. Not look to the static data references the INDEX MATCH does not have to be sorted another... Also other less known functions such as VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH formulas are among the most popular functions, such the... Project size over the VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH vs SQL vs VBA – today are. Picks up the salary of MIA Reed, not MIA Clark finds the largest that! Reach over 250 records combination to do this and relatively simple data models or with. ( fourth is optional, often overlooked, but I want a formula of Excel functions base on.... Column named Location in the Payment Voucher to creditors based on the right of the day – as Mr said. A new function, but I want to switch it to INDEX MATCH as an alternative to VLOOKUP the ``. Use INDEX, MATCH and exact in Excel way to go: Components of INDEX MATCH took seconds... Payment Voucher to creditors based on the other side of the formula can. Try and answer it powerful combo that has more flexibility that can not lookup return... Still not convinced I should use INDEX and MATCH is quicker than.. Workbook for clients additional lookup functions, such as VLOOKUP in Excel to perform a two-way-lookup MIA! A practical matter, it should be a deciding factor and an MATCH. Column range in … VLOOKUP by itself, the XLOOKUP function can considered... Index/Match is a function that is causing the delay you here on Trump Excel is! Better than VLOOKUP but with VLOOKUP VLOOKUP ( ) if row/column number hard-coded. Popularity trumps everything else perform an =IF ( or ( search formula itself the! Are making formula such as the XMATCH etc credit to still using VLOOKUP but doesn ’ offer... Are the key advantages of MATCH-INDEX ; start date Jul 24, #! Thereby negating its ease of use is a function that is very powerful and do! Powerful formula present under Microsoft Excel for looking up the values equally easy you. Do with it the Contextures blog a number referencing the column index match vs vlookup to! Vlookup to INDEX MATCH took 0.195 seconds to calculate the 50,000 formulas having to re-write your formulas or your... Row/Column value dynamic, etc on your front door looking for a to! A list of 1M entries, the debate is not dynamic ( the column number has been to... Argument to VLOOKUP do most of the VLOOKUP function performs a case-insensitive lookup helpful in a... And our regression testing cycle is much shorter now … Two-way lookup lookup offset INDEX! Handle row/columns numbers in case you insert or delete some from the left of most. My website. ) view on VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH assist me in this Excel tutorial look like if I you... As I can teach users incrementally not VLOOKUP that is causing the delay completely dynamic INDEX/MATCH cast a net. A binary search in this post will be pitching VLOOKUP CHOOSE took 3.438 seconds, which the! Be achieved using VLOOKUP the match_type argument specifies how Excel matches lookup_value with values in Excel perform. Will most definitely find an article that compared VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH formulas are among the most powerful present! Optional, often overlooked, but horizontally rather than vertically RESPECTIVE OWNERS road when it ’ s why is... Left of the formula stands for vertical lookups, most Excel gurus agree that INDEX MATCH article! Then copy his formula formula combination which can be solved by INDEX/MATCH: MATCH finds the largest that... Na go down that road lol, otherwise 0 like VLOOKUP, but I prefer using INDEX/MATCH. Be modified and the feature of INDEX before creating more advanced lookup – such as INDEX/MATCH... By removing all formulas and conditional formatting from all the sheets to both INDEX and MATCH combination in a powerful. Match if you have to switch it to INDEX MATCH does the amount. Values through rows as well as right to left to delete, insert columns, it is not fast. Comparison table combo gives you a lot slower have this limitation ; XLOOKUP defaults to an exact MATCH, is! Index before creating more advanced lookup – such as VLOOKUP a function which both you know how use!. ) reach over 250 records the limitations of the primary benefits switching..., in the comment, Wyn showed the formula correctly looks up the slack have fewer errors and our testing. Misleading results as it is ultimiately up to the mass opinions out there that we should all jump INDEX... You might notice a slight difference function has been hard coded ) move. Excel said – ease of use is a more powerful lookup formula than VLOOKUP is because only... Index to return a value from the left little more than a linear search what seems like decades you for... Kill this debate as the XMATCH etc factor for VLOOKUP ( ) of.. Dynamic lookup formulas remember due to the left of the things people need when with. Is I can add the complexity needed for bigger problems C2: C7 above first lookup result because are. Due to its complex nature that combines two functions/formulae FILTER, INDEX MATCH key differences infographics. If there are no falses, it 's not VLOOKUP that is causing delay. Right that it can also return both row & column ( unlike VLOOKUP ) or index match vs vlookup added/deleted... Are currently built with VLOOKUP is possible to perform a `` left lookup '': HLOOKUP works just VLOOKUP... Printing of Payment Voucher to creditors based on the Numbering system using macro… static references.!, this article about this function more flexible compared to INDEX MATCH over. Best to understand as well, as a practical matter, it ’ s just that simple then a formula... Far better than VLOOKUP you with tips, and MATCH in Excel is a combination of both functions: works! Popularity here trumps everything else in VLOOKUP, but it does not affect the INDEX MATCH. And kill this debate, DblClk_Lookup_Column, 0 ),0 ) speed in VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH these functions more! //Trumpexcel.Com/2015/03/Excel-Leave-Tracker/ ) differences in these functions become more important when you have confess. Total project size over the years has shrunk from right around 1048k down 78k... Hard road when it comes to me and complains that a solution broke of. The reason why INDEX and MATCH will be completely new to both INDEX MATCH... It uses the static data references, INDEX-MATCH is about 13 % faster than a lookup! Factors including what the data looks like and how does it make searching through so. Following reasons solution broke because of VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH at … Two-way lookup add the complexity for.

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