Participants were defined as MHO or MUO if their insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, measured by a 3-hour hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, was in the upper quartile or in the lower three quartiles. If you are inactive and 100 or more pounds overweight, your cardiorespiratory fitness will suffer greatly, especially compared to an active person with the proper body … PURPOSE:We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12-18 years of age). Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. A number of additional factors effect cardiorespiratory fitness, but body composition is a big one. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). The purpose of this study was to compare the body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness levels of a sample of refugee Somali women living in New Zealand with normative data. We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12–18 years of age). Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). We examined the health effects of body composition among 21925 men after taking cardiorespiratory fitness into account. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies, Maastricht University data protection policy, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. Independent of race, CRF was higher in MHO versus MUO adolescents. Comparing the health-related fitness exam scores by the FITNESSGRAM classification system, students who were classified as Very Lean and High Risk for body composition had lower exam scores than those classified in the healthy fitness zone. Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness and body fatness are both related to health, but their interrelation to all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is unknown. Body composition was measured using the pediatric option for BodPod and cardiorespiratory fitness by the 20 m shuttle run. Gerver and G. Hornstra". In whites, MHO adolescents had lower (p = .055) liver fat compared with MUO adolescents. Here we focus on how fat mass and lean tissues affect cardiorespiratory fitness, with emphasis on their effects on peak oxygen consumption. Use of probiotic supplements, the benefits of which have not been proven in sportspeople, is … p.rump@hb.unimaas.nlAbstract.Relations between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). Total fat was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and visceral adiposity and liver fat were measured by magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, respectively. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time. Body composition was measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and cardiorespiratory fitness using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The answer is false. Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. p.rump@hb.unimaas.nl. A cross-sectional analysis of baseline fitness data collected during preventive medical examination of 13,037 women aged 20 to 64 years evaluated at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas, from January 1, 1970, through December 30, 2004, who underwent a body composition assessment and a maximal treadmill exercise test. After accounting for gender, Tanner stage, and BMI, there were no differences in total fat (kg, %) between MHO versus MUO in both races. T. Aron Barbey's research looks at the principles of brain organization that underlie reasoning and decision making. Current international guidelines recommend people living with obesity should be prescribed a minimum of 300 min of moderately intense activity per week for weight loss. Objective: We examined the health benefits of leanness and the hazards of obesity while simultaneously considering cardiorespiratory fitness. Relationship between body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in Japanese junior high school boys and girls. The aim of this study was to verify body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, and biochemical markers of prepubertal overweight and obese boys to a 16-week futsal training program. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). Black MHO adolescents had lower (p < .05) 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test glucose, triglycerides, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance compared with black MUO adolescents. Refugee Somali women were invited to participate in sessions to assess physical fitness and body measurements. / Rump, P.; Gerver, W.J.M. Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. The concentration of N-acetyl aspartic acid (NAA) is of interest because it is a marker of neuronal integrity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cross-sectional associations of PA and sedentary time (ST) with body composition and CRF in mid-childhood. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Although cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is determined by a number of nonmodifiable factors, such as gender, age, and genetic factors, it has also been considered in recent years an objective indicator of physical activity and used to assess the relationship between physical activity and health status [30,31]. Linear regression was conducted to evaluate cross-sectional associations of the outcomes in relation to total PSE and scores computed for the individual PSE factors: (1) diet, (2) limit setting of unhealthful behaviors, and (3) PA.

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